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scientific edition of Bauman MSTU

SCIENCE & EDUCATION

Bauman Moscow State Technical University.   El № FS 77 - 48211.   ISSN 1994-0408

# 11, November 2016

Machine Building and Engineering Science

Aeronautical and Rocket Space Engineering

Instrument Engineering, Metrology and Information-Measuring Devices and Systems

Development of Technique for Laser Water Content Express-Control in Diesel Fuels
# 11, November 2016
DOI: 10.7463/1116.0850196
D.M. Melnikov, M.A. Yakimova
pp. 76-87
On Peculiarities of Wave Processes in Electronics Devices with Anisotropic Working Environment
# 11, November 2016
DOI: 10.7463/1116.0850169
A.M. Makarov, L.A. Luneva, K.A. Makarov
pp. 88-98

Informatics, Computer Science_and_Management

The Adapting of Text Detection Algorithm for Video
# 11, November 2016
DOI: 10.7463/1116.0850126
I.V. Rudakov, I.V. Lomovskoi, V.A. Semina
pp. 99-112
Graph-based Modification of Metric Classification Algorithms
# 11, November 2016
DOI: 10.7463/1116.0850028
R.S Samarev, A.G. Vasnetsov
pp. 127-141

Mechanics

The Axial Assist Blood Pump Impeller Geometrical Parameters Impact on the Coefficient of Efficiency
# 11, November 2016
DOI: 10.7463/1116.0849907
A.M. Guskov, F.D. Sorokin, A.E. Krupnin, E.P. Banin
pp. 162-174
Appendix

General Problems of Engineer Education

Foreign Education

UNITED KINGDOM: Dyson Blows a Breath of Fresh Air into Education by Starting its Own University
# 11, November 2016
The product that made Sir James Dyson famous, the cyclonic bagless vacuum cleaner, came about because the inventor wasn’t satisfied with what was available on the market back in 1978.Five years and 5,127 prototypes later, he came up with his own design that did exactly what he wanted.Now the entrepreneur is doing the same with education - launching his own university to deliver the engineering graduates that British businesses are struggling to find.“We have an insatiable appetite for good engineers and our course will teach them while they are working on real live projects, rather than just learning abstract engineering principles in academia,” said Sir James, who will pay students an annual salary starting at £15,000 in the first year.
UNITED KINGDOM: Oxford University to Launch First Online MOOC
# 11, November 2016
Oxford University has announced its first massive open online course – or so-called MOOC – in a partnership with a United States online university network, writes Sean Coughlan for BBC.These free online courses have grown in popularity with hundreds of universities and millions of students. But until now Oxford has not offered such MOOC courses.
TAIWAN: Universities to Establish Chairs to Retain Talent
# 11, November 2016
Sources say that many top-ranking universities are planning to establish distinguished and chair professorships in a bid to retain experienced and renowned faculty members, write Wu Po-hsuan and Jonathan Chin for the Taipei Times.The move comes as the Ministry of Education seeks to increase salaries of professors to stop a brain drain in higher education. According to the ministry, salaries at public universities are controlled by rigid pay scales and seniority rules that are increasingly out of step with competition from abroad, especially from other Asian universities bent on siphoning expertise from Taiwan.
JAPAN: Record Number of Foreign Students Find Work After Graduating Japanese Universities in 2015
# 11, November 2016
A record number of foreign students took jobs in Japan immediately after graduating from universities and vocational schools last year, according to recently released Justice Ministry data, reports The Japan Times.The number of students, at 15,657, was more than double the 5,878 seen in 2005 and is the result of a government effort to lure skilled professionals, especially in the information technology sector, to boost the global competitiveness of Japanese firms.
UNITED KINGDOM: England’s Higher Education System ‘in tatters’
# 11, November 2016
England’s higher education system is “in tatters”, with some qualifications “on the verge of total collapse”, according to a leading think-tank, reports the Financial Times.A report by Professor Alison Wolf of King’s College London has found that an increase in university graduates has resulted in “an unsustainable” funding system, while technical qualifications below degree level have suffered a “steep decline” in student numbers. The study found that uptake of technical qualifications decreased by a third in the academic year ending 2015 compared with the previous year, with degrees being 80 times more popular.
INDIA: PM Urges Universities to Aaspire to Global top 100
# 11, November 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi made an appeal to universities in the country on 13 November to aspire to be among the top 100 globally and promised special economic assistance, reports PTI.There is no Indian university among the world's top 100 universities, Modi said, adding, we feel "ashamed". "I invite 10 public and 10 private universities to come forward and take a pledge to make a place for themselves in the top 100 universities of the world. Those who will come forward will get special economic assistance. They will be given relaxation from seeking various approvals. There will be an open field for them," he said.

History of Progress

Léon Theremin (120 anniversary of birth)
# 11, November 2016
DOI: 10.7463/1116.0850377
V.P. Samokhin, K.V. Mescherinova, E.A. Tihomirova
A brief review of main works and achievements of Leon Serge Theremin is presented, outstanding Soviet inventor, creator of the world's first musical instrument - Aetherphon, rhythmicon, terpsiton. They also developed the world's first mechanical television system the large-interlaced scanning mirror, a number of burglar alarms and devices for special purposes. The information about the pedigree Theremin, the interesting facts of his life and work, including details of his schooling, culture amateur radio, university education, serving in the army during World War I, works at the Leningrad Physico-Technical Institute, touring performances in Europe and the U.S., as well as features use his instrument and apparatus for intruder alarm. Theremin described contacts with famous composers, artists, scientists, the specificity of its intelligence activities, work in the imprisonment and personal life in recent years.
 
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